In this section we will inform you about on-going projects - restorations etc., affecting 55 Squadron
55 Squadron was based in Iraq for the period between the wars WW1 / WW2. In addition to deaths from accidents and operations, there were also some tragic deaths resulting from desperation in the harsh conditions.
Author and Friends of 55 Squadron member Steve Johnson had been researching the site at Hinaidi and found, firstly that a large number of 55 Squadron members from this period is buried there - and secondly, that the site is in dire need of repair. He is leading a project to motivate the Commonwealth War Graves Commission to undertake restoration of this historic site.
In November 2020 he has had initial success, after lots of hard work - see below
I thought you might be interested in the latest developments at Hinaidi.
The good news is that funding has been secured from the MoD for the first phase of the cemetery restoration project, which will commence as soon as a small oil pipeline has been re-sited away from the perimeter of the cemetery and an access road connecting the Iraqi Military air base to the main highway that currently crosses part of the cemetery has been re-routed.
Contracts for the clearing of rubbish and the construction of a cemetery wall have already been signed with local contractors and will commence once permission to proceed has been given by the Iraqi government. Fingers crossed. The exact dimensions of the original cemetery have already been confirmed and a concrete wall will be constructed in the same manner and finish as the original perimeter wall. When the wall has been completed, the cemetery will be tidied up (headstone re-positioned where necessary) and an ongoing maintenance plan set in place until such time that funds can be secured for the second phase of the project, that of headstone replacement / restoration. It is a start, but there is a long way to go - and a lot of lobbying/persuasion to be done.
Attached is a photograph taken yesterday in Baghdad, where Remembrance Day was observed at the Ma’Asker Al Raschid RAF Cemetery (formerly the Hinaidi RAF Peace Cemetery)
by the laying of a wreath at the foot of the grave of Brigadier-General Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton KCMG KBE CB,
British High Commissioner to Iraq at the time of his death in 1919.
For more details, refer to the ’News’ section on my website:
I will update this website with photos and information, as the project progresses, but feel free to contact me directly if you have any questions or suggestions as to the best way forward.
Below, Steve's initial correspondence. Ed
I’ve found out more details regarding the graves at Hinaidi since I last contacted you in August and thought I would give you an update into the 55 Squadron casualties buried at Hinaidi during the time the squadron was based in Iraq. The number of 55 Squadron men (officers and ‘other ranks’) has increased from 22 to twenty-five (25) and if you include pilots who at one time flew with 55 Squadron, this number increases to twenty-seven (27), making 55 Squadron by far the most represented in the graves at Hinaidi and equating to almost 10% of all the graves there.
For the past six months I, with the backing of 6 Squadron RAF Association and the RAF Habbaniya Association, have been lobbying the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and the Ministry of Defence to allocate resources for securing the perimeter of the cemetery and restoring the graves to their former glory, a not unreasonable request since significant works are currently nearing completion at the RAF Habbaniya Cemetery, only 55 miles to the west of Hinaidi. In recent weeks, the MoD has conceded that it does own the land upon which the cemetery stands and that it will at some point ask the CWGC to inspect and carry out restoration works. The MoD has also assigned a senior staff officer to look into the case on behalf of the Defence Services Secretary. My concern is the rapidly deteriorating condition of the cemetery, as the perimeter wall has long since been breached and one corner of the cemetery is now being used as a short-cut to a nearby highway for Iraqi lorries exiting the Ma’asker al Raschid air base. If something is not done as a matter of urgency to at least secure the cemetery, there may not be anything left to restore when resources become available.
I would appreciate it if you would discuss the matter with your members and, if you collectively feel as strongly as I do that something must be done to save the cemetery at Hinaidi, to voice your concerns in writing to the officer listed below*. I will also be attempting to seek support from the associations of 1 Squadron, 6 Squadron, 8 Squadron, 30 Squadron, 45 Squadron, LXX Squadron and 84 Squadron, though, like 55 Squadron, 30 Squadron is no longer operational and communication with its association may prove difficult.
*Lieutenant Colonel David Luck
Defence Services Secretary - SO1
Ceremonial Events & Commemorations Team (CECT)
Ministry of Defence
Floor 6 Zone C.04 Main Building
London SW1A 2HB
Though I am hopeful your association will be able to join me in asking the MoD to do something about Hinaidi, I fully understand if the size of the association may make this impractical.
Ed. As you see, this is a postal address. Please send an individual letter to the Lt Col and mention your membership of the 55 Squadron Association.
Hopefully, together we might gain some momentum. It seems worthwhile.
Enclosed is a list of the twenty-five 55 Squadron men who died and were buried at Hinaidi RAF Cemetery, Baghdad and also the 2 pilots who served with 55 Squadron earlier in their career before dying in Baghdad and buried at Hinaidi.
This list is now in the In Memoriam Section. Ed
Although the hoped for Crowd Funding didn't get approval, we are leaving this article here in case you have some ideas...
XH 648 On ground display duty at Waddington
On the Towline - the last two-point Tanker at work
XH 648 at Duxford - sad but at last indoors after years outside
XH 648 - on the day of the Association visit in April 2016, renovation began. We hoped she would once again wear 55 Squadron colours but the Museum official info says 57...
pic. courtesy Colin Griffiths
The following text and photos are from the Imperial War Museum site at Duxford
The only one of its type in the world, Handley Page Victor XH648 is an important object in IWM’s collection. It is being conserved so that future generations can experience the Victor and the story it tells about Cold War conflict.
Following the movement of the Victor into the Conservation in Action hangar, detailed conservation work has commenced on the aircraft.
Conservation work continues on the remaining outer wing leading edge section, the ailerons and the outer wings.
Victor XH648 was originally built as a B1 model. Its first flight was on 27 November 1959 and it was delivered to No.57 Squadron at Honington on 21 December that year.
In October 1960, it returned to Handley Page at Radlett, Hertfordshire for conversion to a B1A status. This involved equipping it with new electronic countermeasure equipment, improved radio and radar equipment and changing the engines to Sapphire Mark 20701s.
Following conversion and test flights, XH648 was delivered to RAF Cottesmore on 11 May 1961 to join No.15 Squadron. Flown as part of the Far East Air Force during the confrontation with Indonesia in 1962-63. On return from Indonesia, XH648 remained with 15 Squadron until it was delivered back to RAF Honington to join 55 Squadron on 3 April 1964.
Less than a year later, in 1965, it was converted by Handley Page into a two-point tanker, making it a B (K) IA model. This involved the fitting of Mark 20B refueling pods under each wing. It then returned to 55 Squadron, who shortly afterwards moved to RAF Marham, where XH648 resided for the next ten years.
On 23 June1975, Victor XH648 was transferred to 57 Squadron, also based at RAF Marham, where it supported the Squadron’s final year as a Mark I tanker squadron. It was retired to Duxford on 2 June 1976.
We need to raise £450,000 to conserve the Victor and protect it so it can be seen and enjoyed by future generations.
Nose Bomb-aimer position - used for stowing luggage in Tanker use...
XH 648 Cockpit, pilots' position - not an ideal view out for formation flying...
Jock Thompson was also in conversation with one of the renovators, who had been the observer in the Buccaneer, pairing the one involved in the Buccaneer / Victor formation collision.